Second, it examines his theory of communicative action and identifies some key areas of contestation with sceptical approaches. It concludes that the spirit of pragmatism, rather than its detail, might help Critical Theory focus on political analysis and resistances to domination. Shame, Rage and Racist Violence. British Journal of Criminology [Online] 44 In this article, we argue that much racist violence can be understood in terms of unacknowledged shame and its transformation into fury. We use studies by Scheff and Retzinger as a framework for understanding transcripts of interviews with racist offenders from Greater Manchester, UK.
We argue that much of the interview data support the claim that unacknowledged shame can be transformed into rage against those who are seen as the sources of shame. We argue that offenders' shame is rooted in multiple disadvantages and that rage is directed against south Asians who are perceived as more successful, but illegitimately so, within a cultural context in which violence and racism are taken for granted. The article is intended to contribute both to greater understanding of the complex motivation of racist violence and to current moves to redress the cognitive bias of much contemporary social science and reassess the role of emotion in human behaviour.
Sociology [Online] 38 Since the Stephen Lawrence inquiry several initiatives have transformed the policing of racism, and have entailed significant changes in the criminal justice system. This article reviews these in the light of our research on racist offenders in Greater Manchester between and We argue that racist offending is not necessarily consistent with the assumptions underlying some of these initiatives.
The conclusions from this work are then discussed in the context of the disturbances in Oldham and elsewhere in the UK during the summer of We suggest that constructions of racist offending have given excessive weight to individual motives and intentions, while much offending behaviour is grounded in wider cultural and social contexts. We present the background to these conflicts in terms of a vicious spiral of styles of policing, use of reported statistics and the involvement of racist organizations. We conclude that to explain racist violence we need to think in terms of not a single issue but of multiple issues of bias, and of cultures of violence, exclusions and marginalization.
Capitalism, Class and Social Progress. Current Sociology [Online] 51 August Comte and the religion of humanity: The post-theistic program of french social theory. Violence and Society. In this compelling and timely book, Larry Ray offers a wide-ranging and integrated account of the many manifestations of violence in society.
He examines violent behaviour and its meanings in contemporary culture and throughout history. Introducing the major theoretical debates, the book examines different levels of violence - interpersonal, institutional and collective - and different forms of violence - such as racist crime, homophobic crime and genocide. It provides readers with a succinct and comprehensive overview of its nature and effects, and the solutions and conflict resolutions involved in responses to violence.
Interdisciplinary in its approach, the text draws on evidence from sociology, criminology, primate studies and archaeology to shed light on arguments about the social construction and innate nature of violence.
Engaging, wide-reaching and authorative, this is essential reading for students, academics and researchers in sociology, criminology, social pyschology and cultural studies. Globalization and Everyday Life. London: Routledge. Globalization and Everyday Life provides an accessible account of globalization by developing two themes in particular. First, globalization is an outcome of structural and cultural processes that manifest in different ways in economy, politics, culture and organizations.
So the globalized world is increasingly heterogeneous, unequal and conflictual rather than integrated and ordered. Secondly, globalization is sustained and created by the everyday actions of people and institutions. Both of these have far-reaching consequences for everyday life and are fully explored in this volume.
Larry Ray skilfully guides students through the various aspects of the globalization debate and illustrates key arguments with reference to specific topics including nation, state and cosmopolitanism, virtual societies, transnationals and development. This innovative book provides this information in a clear and concise manner suitable for the undergraduate student studying sociology, social geography, globalization and development studies. Social Theory and Postcommunism. Oxford: John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Written by two leading social theorists, the book discusses the thesis that the fall of communism has decimated alternative conceptions of social organizations other than capitalism.
It analyzes the implications of the fall of communism on social theory. It discusses alternative ideas of social organizations other than capitalism, in the wake of the collapse of communism. The Sociology of Violence. In: Korgen, K. The Cambridge Handbook of Sociology.
Cambridge University Press, pp. Communist Cosmopolitanism. In: Bhambra, G. Routledge, pp. In: Filipiak, A.
Revolutions Research Centre, pp. Civil Society and the Public Sphere. In: Amenta, E. Chicester: John Wiley and Sons Ltd, pp.
After - Globalization, Normalization and Utopia. In: Hayden, P. Globalization and Utopia - Critical Essays. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. In: Elliott, A. The Contemporary Bauman. Habermas, Pragmatism and Truth. In: Baert, P. Pragmatism and European Social Theory. The Bardwell Press, pp.
Mourning, Melancholia and Violence. In: Bell, D. London: Palgrave MacMillan, pp. Violent Crime. In: Hale, C. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. Civil Society and Public Sphere.
In: Nash, K. The Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology. Oxford: Blackwell. Remembrance and Ambiguity.
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In: British Sociological Association Conference. The Politics of Hate Crime. Memory, Trauma and Genocidal Nationalism. Nationalism poses several analytical problems for sociology, since it stands at the intersection of familiar binary conceptual contrasts. It further has the capacity to appear alternatively democratic and violent. This paper examines the conditions for violent nationalism, with particular reference to the Kosovo conflict. It argues that the conditions for potentially genocidal nationalism lie in the apparently routine rituals through which 'nations' are remembered and constructed.
Violent nationalism may appear where the transmission of collective identities is infused with mourning and traumatic memory. Institutional Login Shibboleth or OpenAthens For the academic login, please select your organization on the next page. Forgot Password?
Sign up for MyKarger Institutional Login. Related Articles for " ". Adv Biol Psychiatry. Basel, Karger, , vol 30, pp To view the fulltext, please log in. To view the pdf, please log in. CHF Complete book Immediate access to all parts of this book Cover-to-cover formats may be available Unlimited re-access via MyKarger Unrestricted printing, no saving restriction for personal use read more. Abstract Suicide is a serious public health problem worldwide.
First-Page Preview. Table of Contents previous Article next. Table 2 shows the socio-demographic characteristics of the study population and rates of suicides by religious affiliation. The latter was the youngest group, with a mean age of Compared with Protestants and people with no affiliation, Catholics were less likely to have tertiary education, less likely to be divorced, less likely to live in single-person households and less likely to live in urban areas. Crude suicide rates were highest among people with no religious affiliation Crude HRs from Cox regression models, compared with Protestants, were 0.
Socio-demographic characteristics of the study population and crude rates of suicide, Switzerland — The protective effect in Catholics and the increased risk of suicide in people with no religious affiliation compared with Protestants became stronger when moving from younger to older age groups, both in men and women Figure 1. Compared with men, the increase in risk associated with no religious affiliation was somewhat greater in women, and the protective effect of the Catholic faith was slightly weaker in women Figure 1.
Probability of suicide in Switzerland by gender, age and individual religious affiliation. HRs from Cox models comparing Protestants, Catholics and individuals reporting no religious affiliation, over six age groups.
Suicide (book) - Wikipedia
Adjusted for age, education, marital status and type of household. The proportion of suicides by poisoning increased with age in men and women, with particularly prominent increases in men with no affiliation and Protestant women Figure 2. The percentage of suicides by poisoning that were coded as assisted suicides —05 was similar across religious groups, but higher in people dying by suicide at an older age.
In the 35—year-old age group, it was Corresponding percentages for the 65—year-old age group were When expressing assisted suicides as a percentage of all suicides rather than of suicides by poisoning figures in the younger age groups were 6. There was little evidence for differences between genders.