As the caterpillar grasps on to a stem of the plant, its curved dorsal appendages give the appearance of the greenbriar's coiled tendrils, which dry to a rusty color as they harden. Older stems of the plant also become woody, taking on a darker brown coloration, which would provide even better camouflage for owlet caterpillars. However, the majority of greenbriar leaves are on younger, supple, green stems where the caterpillar would need to be located to feed. Thus, these caterpillars also engage in behavioral crypsis. When disturbed, the caterpillar sways slowly from side to side on two prominent prolegs, mimicking a leaf wavering in the breeze.
If predation shaped the natural selection of this behavioral adaptation, would there be variation in the dancing trait in different environments? Beyond predation or attack by visually oriented parasites, what other selective forces could add to these cryptic morphologies and behaviors?
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What is the role of genetic drift or random chance in the evolution of traits that contribute to these putative adaptations? Volume 17 , Issue 3. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username.
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Instead of returning to her native country, Sofia went on to live in New York and got a job as a waitress. While Julian has been shown to call out to Sofia in his dreams, Sofia has similarly been dreaming of her old life as a mutant superhero with her old friends. The Scarlet Witch ominously appeared in one of her dreams, causing her to fall. While working the day shift, Sofia was approached by Beak and Jubilee both depowered to join them in the New Warriors , a vigilante group of depowered mutants opposing the Superhuman Registration Act.
Sofia had initially refused the offer, noting the loss of her powers meant that her old life had to stay behind her. During a battle with the new Zodiac , Sofia helped provide a distraction to give the New Warriors an upper hand in their losing battle. Without any powers or any weapons, she attacked the deadly group with extreme finesse. Sofia was injured saving a little boy in the crossfire. Because of the vigilant nature of the New Warriors, Sofia was left with some paramedics and onlooking camera crews documenting the fight. While unconscious, Sofia has yet another dream. She dreams of meeting with her deceased mother Miranda.
Both have angel-like wings, but as Sofia begins to awaken she falls. When she wakes up, she had undergone intensive surgery and lost most of her hair as a result. She later decides to join the team with the new code-name Renascence, just as Night Thrasher threatened to disband the group. Sofia has been shown to be very proficient and a quick learner since joining the group, battling Machinesmith and an army of SHIELD agents both in the present and in a dystopian future where registration had corrupted the entire superhuman community.
Along with the New Warriors, Renascence found herself trapped in a dystopian future where the Superhuman Registration Act had gone out of control.
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The future is run by a dictatorship under Iron Man , who is later revealed to be Dwayne Taylor , the original Night Thrasher and Donyell's thought-to-be deceased brother. After the entire team is incarcerated for defying the registration act, the original Iron Man, Tony Stark, helps them escape but not before taking down Dwayne. The entire team invade his offices, but the New Warriors are betrayed by their leader who decides to side with his brother. Donyell eventually relents when he sees his brother kill Stark, showing just how out of control Dwayne has gone.
After a brief battle, the team swiftly escaped into a time machine in Stark Towers and returned to the present. Upon reevaluation of the team's purpose, the New Warriors go their separate ways. It is not known where Sofia headed after the group's dismantlement. Wind Dancer has the mutant ability to manipulate air molecules. She could use this power to fly, levitate others, create powerful wind blasts or protective shields. Unlike most wind manipulators, Sofia also had an affinity for sound, being able to increase the vibrations in the air to amplify sounds, carry auditory signals from afar, or mute a small vicinity of noise.
Due to her training at the Xavier Institute , Sofia is also very athletic and an above-average hand-to-hand fighter. Renascence uses a power-suit with a protective force field and metal arms based on Lady Octopus.
She also carries a pair of guns with unknown properties. Renascence's armor is presumably equipped with other features. However, if it does she has yet to display them. In the House of M altered universe, Sofia is from the mutant nation of Genosha. She was taken as a slave, had her head shaved, and was designated a number printed on her forehead. When her captor took her to Australia, Wanda Maximoff rescued her.
Charles Xavier restored her mind from its damaged state and Sofia went on to be part of Wanda's close entourage before enrolling in the S. Later, they find out about Project Genesis, a terrible program in which humans are used for experimentation.
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However, when the focus shifts to the project's experimentations instead of exacting revenge on the human terrorists, a sadistic Wallflower uses her powers to manipulate the two teams to try to kill each other. Mercury , the only one immune to Wallflower's pheromones, stabs her to stop the chaos. In a telepathic dream sequence initiated by Danielle Moonstar and Emma Frost , Prodigy was able to witness firsthand a future reality that could occur should they remove the mental barriers that limit his knowledge absorbing powers.
In this possible future, Sofia had taken over her father's supermarket chain, Barrett's, as C. During a press conference, Surge collected her and the other former New Mutants squad-mates to take down her husband Prodigy, who had been corrupted with power. The former New Mutants teamed up with the rebel Hellions, who Prodigy had framed as terrorists, to take down David.
Sofia is revealed to have previously been married to Hellion, but the two had divorced as Hellion gradually moved towards a life of crime. However, the two ex-lovers agreed to team up and attempted to take down Prodigy and his guardsmen, the X. Sofia tried to confront Prodigy face-to-face, but he blasted her with a machine gun, sending her flying out of the building.
Hellion rushed to her aid and lost focus of the battle before getting shot by Bishop. As Sofia died in his arms, Hellion unleashed an explosive blast of power against their attackers. Her whereabouts during the storyline were unaccounted for and it is uncertain if she was indeed on Utopia during the reality warp. This edit will also create new pages on Comic Vine for:. Until you earn points all your submissions need to be vetted by other Comic Vine users. This process takes no more than a few hours and we'll send you an email once approved.
Sofia Mantega appears in issues View all. Origin Born in Venezuela, Sofia Mantega lived happily with her mother, Miranda Mantega , until she was tragically shot down during a riot in Caracas. Sofia is able to fly by manipulating air molecules. Decimation Depowered! New Warriors During a battle with the new Zodiac , Sofia helped provide a distraction to give the New Warriors an upper hand in their losing battle.